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Psychometric Properties of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale in Treatment-Seeking Post-9/11 Veterans

Bui, Eric ; Zakarian, Rebecca ; Laifer, Lauren ; Sager, Julia ; Chen, Yang ; Cohen, Shiri ; Simon, Naomi ; Ohye, Bonnie

Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2017, Vol.26(2), pp.464-470 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Psychometric Properties of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale in Treatment-Seeking Post-9/11 Veterans
  • Author: Bui, Eric ; Zakarian, Rebecca ; Laifer, Lauren ; Sager, Julia ; Chen, Yang ; Cohen, Shiri ; Simon, Naomi ; Ohye, Bonnie
  • Description: Although evidence suggests deployment-related stress impacts parenting, few measures of parenting competency have been validated in returning post-9/11 veterans. As part of clinical care in a multidisciplinary clinic serving veterans and military families, 178 treatment-seeking OEF/OIF/OND veterans completed measures including the 16-item Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC), a widely-used measure of parental efficacy and satisfaction; the Family Assessment Device—general functioning subscale; and the depression, anxiety, and stress scale. Utilizing data from an IRB-approved de-identified data repository, we examined the psychometrics and factor structure of the PSOC. According to a proposed clinical cut-off, 10 % of our clinical sample of veterans exhibited low self-confidence in parenting. A confirmatory factor analysis of the 2-factor structure introducing correlated error terms between items 3 and 9, and between items 10 and 11, revealed to be a satisfactory fit to the data ( Χ 2 / df  = 1.57, RMSEA = 0.056 [90 % CI 0.039–0.073]; CFI = 0.928; TLI = 0.914; SRMR = 0.055). In addition, the PSOC exhibited good convergent validity with measures of parental distress ( r  = −.22, p  < 0.01 with anxiety symptoms, and r  = −.33, p  < .001 with depressive symptoms) and family functioning ( r  = −.53, p  < .0001), very good temporal stability ( r  = .81, p  < .0.0001), and excellent internal consistency ( α  = .85). The PSOC exhibited satisfactory psychometric properties in treatment-seeking veterans and may be used by clinicians and researchers to assess parenting sense of competence, including satisfaction and sense of efficacy, in this population.
  • Is Part Of: Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2017, Vol.26(2), pp.464-470
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1062-1024 ; E-ISSN: 1573-2843 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10826-016-0580-9
  • Subjects: Military ; Veteran ; Parenting ; Validation ; Assessment
  • Language: English

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