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Supplemental Security Income and the Transition to Adulthood in the United States: State Variations in Outcomes Following the Age-18 Redetermination

Hemmeter, Jeffrey ; Mann, David ; Wittenburg, David

The Social Service Review, Mar 2017, Vol.91(1), p.106 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Supplemental Security Income and the Transition to Adulthood in the United States: State Variations in Outcomes Following the Age-18 Redetermination
  • Author: Hemmeter, Jeffrey ; Mann, David ; Wittenburg, David
  • Description: Policy makers have raised concerns about the outcomes of former child Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients following the redetermination of eligibility at age 18 using an adult disability definition. We use Social Security administrative data to track state-level benefit receipt and employment outcomes of all former child SSI recipients who received an age-18 redetermination from 1998 through 2006, through age 24. We find that (1) state cessation rates ranged from 20 to 47 percent, (2) ceased recipients had higher employment rates and lower rates of SSI receipt than continued recipients, and (3) continued recipients who lived in states with higher employment rates also had higher Disability Insurance benefit receipt rates than those who lived in states with lower employment rates. The findings raise questions about the state-level variation in SSI's role in the overall safety net and the variations in options available to former child SSI recipients following the age-18 redetermination. [web URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/toc/jsswr/current/]
  • Is Part Of: The Social Service Review, Mar 2017, Vol.91(1), p.106
  • Identifier: ISSN: 00377961 ; E-ISSN: 15375404 ; DOI: 10.1086/691219
  • Subjects: United States–Us ; Income ; Transitions ; Adults ; Disability ; Employment
  • Language: English
  • Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved
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