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The Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon : A Study in Text, Ritual and Interpretation

Bokedal, Tomas

2014

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  • Title:
    The Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon : A Study in Text, Ritual and Interpretation
  • Author: Bokedal, Tomas
  • Description: This book offers a fresh cross-disciplinary approach to the current discussion on the Christian canon formation process. By carefully integrating historical, hermeneutical and theological aspects to account for the emergence of the canon, it seeks to offer a more comprehensive picture of the canon development than has previously been achieved. The formation and continuous usage of the Christian biblical canon is here viewed as an act of literary preservation and actualization of the church's apostolic normative tradition - 'the Scriptures and the Lord' - addressing, first of all, the church, but also the wider society. In order to grasp the complex phenomenon of the biblical canon, the study is divided into four parts, focusing respectively on linguistic and effective-historical, textual and material, performative, and ideational aspects of the canon. Attention is given to the scribal nomina sacra convention, the codex format, oral and written Gospel, early Christian liturgical praxis and the Rule of Faith. Bokedal argues that the canon was formed in a process, with its own particular intention, history, and direction. Throughout the study, history and theology, past and present are considered alongside each other. By using a Gadamerian hermeneutics of tradition, the reader's attention is directed to historical dimensions of the canon and its interpretative possibilities for our time. The notion of effective history (Wirkungsgeschichte), as well as the interaction between text, community and reader are crucial to the argument. The canonical text as text, its interpretation and ritual contextualization are highlighted as unifying elements for the communities being addressed..
    Cover -- Half Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- From the Preface to the 2005 Dissertation -- Introduction -- 1 The Question of the Biblical Canon -- 1.1 On ‘canon’ -- 1.2 The Scriptures and the Lord: Formation and significance of the Christian biblical canon -- 1.2.1 The central thesis of this study -- 1.2.2 The Scriptures -- 1.2.3 The Lord -- 1.2.4 The Scriptures and the Lord -- 1.2.5 Towards a semiotic definition of the biblical canon -- 1.3 Purpose and method -- 1.3.1 The potential of Gadamer’s hermeneutics for canon research -- 1.3.2 Scripture, theology and history: A Gadamerian hermeneutics of tradition -- 1.3.3 A semiotic approach to canon formation -- 1.4 The structure of the present investigation -- Part One Linguistic and Tradition-Related Aspects of the Canon -- 2 The Concept of Canon -- 2.1 The ecclesial reality of the canon -- 2.2 Viewing the canonical process as an integral whole -- 2.3 A process of organic continuity -- 2.4 Canon and the concept of the classic -- 2.5 Canon: Term and concept -- 2.5.1 General meaning of ‘canon’ -- 2.5.2 Uses of the word ‘canon’ in the early church -- 2.6 Dimensions of the concept of canon as applied to the biblical writings -- 2.7 Canonizing scripture as an ecclesial process -- 2.8 Conclusion -- Part Two Material and Textual Aspects of the Canon -- 3 The nomina sacra: Highlighting the Sacred Figures of the Text -- 3.1 General usage of nomina sacra in the biblical manuscripts -- 3.2 Frequency of nomina sacra in the earliest manuscripts -- 3.3 Nomina sacra and canonization -- 3.4 Origin and development of the nomina sacra -- 3.4.1 On the origin of the nomina sacra: Three major models -- 3.4.2 The Tetragrammaton and the nomina sacra -- 3.4.3 The earliest creedal formulations and the nomina sacra -- 3.4.4 Dating, location, manuscript types -- 3.4.5 Ihsouv, the staurogram and the christogram -- 3.4.6 ‘Cross’ and ‘crucify’ as nomina sacra -- 3.5 Provenance, possession and interpretation of the Scriptures -- 3.6 Distinct textual markers -- 3.6.1 Graphics -- 3.6.2 Theological context: The nomina sacra and the Rule of Faith -- 3.6.3 The wider devotional context -- 3.7 Canonization in two directions: From new to old, from old to new -- 3.8 The nomina sacra as a narrative and theological centre in the Scriptures -- 3.9 Conclusion -- 4 The Bible Codex: A Material Symbol of Christian Textuality -- 4.1 The church’s strong preference for the codex over the roll -- 4.2 Has the codex form influenced the canon formation? -- 4.2.1 A view on codex and canon -- 4.2.2 Codex and canon: Themes and questions -- 4.3 Further comments on recent research -- 4.4 Codex, nomina sacra and the early church organization -- 4.5 The codex: A notebook on Jesus logia? -- 4.6 Canonization as the edition of a book -- 4.7 Mini-closures of the canon -- 4.8 Conclusion -- 5 Oral and Written Text: Two Media of the Christian Canon -- 5.1 Background -- 5.2 Oral and written: Two parallel modes of structuring the Gos.
    pel -- 5.3 Oral and written tradition: The twofold norm in the writings of Irenaeus -- 5.4 New covenant and New Testament -- 5.5 Attempts at separating the Rule of Faith from the canonical Gospels -- 5.6 Marcion and the question of canon -- 5.6.1 Was Marcion the creator of the catholic New Testament? -- 5.6.2 Tertullian’s Adversus Marcionem and Marcion’s Antitheses -- 5.6.3 On the relation of the Rule of Faith and the Scriptures -- 5.6.4 Objections to the Marcionite canon hypothesis -- 5.7 Conclusion -- 6 The Canon as Text -- 6.1 Canon as a textual whole -- 6.2 Text and reader: ‘Objectivity’ and authentic subjectivity -- 6.3 The text: A woven texture that holds together -- 6.4 The whole and the parts -- 6.4.1 The text as greater totality -- 6.4.2 The canon and the hermeneutical circle -- 6.4.3 Expressing the whole -- 6.4.4 Gradually reaching the textual whole -- 6.5 Preservation of a textual tradition -- 6.6 Scriptural unity and diversity -- 6.7 Scripture as a whole: Text, reader and community -- 6.8 Conclusion -- Part Three Performative Aspects of the Canon -- 7 Canon and Ritual Interaction -- 7.1 New experiences of the Scriptures as Scriptures -- 7.2 Where text and ritual meet -- 7.3 The genre of liturgical texts -- 7.4 Scripture and liturgical worship -- 7.5 Lex orandi, lex credendi -- 7.6 Sacralizing the Christian Scriptures -- 7.7 The Jewish Scriptures as prototype -- 7.7.1 The Christian struggle for the Scriptures with the synagogue -- 7.7.2 Copying the Jewish service of worship -- 7.7.3 Reference to the Septuagint as canonical text -- 7.7.4 Scripture reading on the Lord’s Day: Outline of the early history -- 7.7.5 The organizing of communal Scripture reading -- 7.7.6 The Pauline corpus -- 7.7.7 The New Testament: Three closed and one open collection of writings -- 7.7.8 The liturgical standardization of New Testament writings: The early Byzantine text -- 7.7.9 Reading and re-reading -- 7.8 Conclusion -- Part Four Ideational Aspects of the Canon -- 8 The Scriptures and the Rule of Faith: Story, Scope, scopus -- 8.1 Scripture and Rule of Faith: Two sides of one and the same norm -- 8.2 The narrative form of the canon as Rule of Faith and as Scripture -- 8.3 The canonical process in Irenaeus -- 8.3.1 Unity and harmony -- 8.3.2 Continuity and contemporaneity -- 8.3.3 Defining a canon of scriptures -- 8.3.4 Comprehensiveness and indispensability -- 8.3.5 Writings included in the scriptural canon -- 8.3.6 Difference in linguistic ground: The canon as Rule of Faith signifying the canon as Scripture -- 8.4 The book as ‘icon’ -- 8.5 Conclusion -- 9 The Logic of the Christian Canon: Authority, Integrity, Criterion -- 9.1 Authority, integrity, criterion -- 9.2 Canon: A free power against its interpreters -- 9.3 The ‘selflessness’ of the canonical text -- 9.4 On numbers: Why these texts and not others? -- 9.5 The emergence of the hermeneutical problem involved in the canonizing process -- 9.5.1 Canon and traditionalism -- 9.5.2 Integrity despite diver.
    sity -- 9.5.3 Canon then, canon now -- 9.6 Canon as Scripture -- 9.7 In search of ancient canon criteria: Undisputed biblical writings -- 9.8 In search of ancient canon criteria: Disputed biblical writings -- 9.8.1 Jerome on the disputed writings -- 9.9 The authority of the new writings -- 9.10 Same but different: Relating local canons to the notion of an ideal catholic canon -- 9.11 Canon criteria: Some final remarks -- 9.12 Linguistic and tradition-related, material–textual, performative and ideational dimensions of the biblical canon -- 9.13 Conclusion -- Conclusion -- 10 The Scriptures and the Lord: General Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Index of Modern Authors -- Index of Names and Subjects -- Index of Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Sources -- .
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Publisher: London: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc
  • Identifier: E-ISBN: 9780567075468 ; ISBN: 9780567378903
  • Subjects: Bible -- Canon ; Bible -- History ; Canon (Literature) -- History ; Religion
  • Language: English
  • Source: Ebook Central Perpetual and DDA titles (ProQuest)

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