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The VGF-derived peptide TLQP-62 modulates insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis

Petrocchi-Passeri, Pamela ; Cero, Cheryl ; Cutarelli, Alessandro ; Frank, Claudio ; Severini, Cinzia ; Bartolomucci, Alessandro ; Possenti, Roberta

Journal of molecular endocrinology, June 2015, Vol.54(3), pp.227-39 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The VGF-derived peptide TLQP-62 modulates insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis
  • Author: Petrocchi-Passeri, Pamela ; Cero, Cheryl ; Cutarelli, Alessandro ; Frank, Claudio ; Severini, Cinzia ; Bartolomucci, Alessandro ; Possenti, Roberta
  • Description: Insulin secretion control is critical for glucose homeostasis. Paracrine and autocrine molecules secreted by cells of the islet of Langerhans, as well as by intramural and autonomic neurons, control the release of different hormones that modulate insulin secretion. In pancreatic islets, the abundant presence of the granin protein VGF (nonacronymic; unrelated to VEGF) suggests that some of its proteolytically derived peptides could modulate hormone release. Thus, in the present study, we screened several VGF-derived peptides for their ability to induce insulin secretion, and we identified the VGF C-terminal peptide TLQP-62 as the most effective fragment. TLQP-62 induced a potent increase in basal insulin secretion as well as in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in several insulinoma cell lines. We found that this peptide stimulated insulin release via increased intracellular calcium mobilization and fast expression of the insulin 1 gene. Moreover, the peripheral injection of TLQP-62 in mice improved glucose tolerance. Together, the present findings suggest that TLQP-62, acting as an endocrine, paracrine, or autocrine factor, can be considered a new, strong insulinotropic peptide that can be targeted for innovative antidiabetic drug discovery programs.
  • Is Part Of: Journal of molecular endocrinology, June 2015, Vol.54(3), pp.227-39
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1479-6813 ; PMID: 25917832 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1530/JME-14-0313
  • Subjects: Gsis ; Diabetes ; Intracellular Calcium ; Neuropeptide ; Signaling ; Homeostasis ; Glucose -- Metabolism ; Hypoglycemic Agents -- Pharmacology ; Insulin -- Metabolism ; Peptides -- Pharmacology
  • Language: English

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