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Evaluation of bioimpedance spectroscopy for the measurement of body fluid compartment volumes in rats

Hu, Lufei ; Maslanik, Tom ; Zerebeckyj, Mykolai ; Plato, Craig F

Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, March 2012, Vol.65(2), pp.75-82 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Evaluation of bioimpedance spectroscopy for the measurement of body fluid compartment volumes in rats
  • Author: Hu, Lufei ; Maslanik, Tom ; Zerebeckyj, Mykolai ; Plato, Craig F
  • Description: Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been used in human and large animal research to assess body fluid compartment volumes (BFC) such as total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid volume (ECFV), and intracellular fluid volume (ICFV). To date, the application of BIS for determination of BFC in small research animals has been limited. We sought to evaluate the sensitivity and consistency of BIS for the determination of BFC in male SD rats. Thus, in separate series of experiments, we a) compared BFC values determined using BIS to BFC values obtained using radioisotope indicator dilution methods; b) examined day-to-day intra- and inter-rat BFC variability in small (267.8 ± 5.4 g) and large (372.6 ± 5.6 g) rats (n = 8/group) as compared to empirical normative mammalian values; c) evaluated the sensitivity of BIS to detect time-dependent responses to repeated administration of a potent diuretic; and d) compared empirically generated BFC data to predicted osmotically-induced ECFV and ICFV shifts in response to i.v. administration of hypotonic (0.3%), isotonic (0.9%) or hypertonic (3.0%) saline (n = 6/concentration). BFC values generated using radioisotope dilution agreed with those generated using BIS. BIS reliably detected differences between small and large rats (p < 0.001), and was associated with low (< 3.5%) day-to-day, intra-animal coefficient of variation (% = Standard Deviation/mean). BIS detected small reductions (~ 10%) in ECFV induced by as few as 2 days of the loop diuretic, furosemide, relative to vehicle treatment (70.8 ± 1.5 ml vs. 84.0 ± 1.5 ml; respectively, p < 0.05). BIS rapidly detected shifts between ECFV and ICFV in response to osmotic saline challenge, and these responses were similar to physiologically predicted responses. The current studies support using BIS as a means of sensitively and reliably performing repeated measurements of BFC in rats of a) differing sizes, b) in response to therapeutic agents known to influence renal sodium handling and c) in response to osmotic challenge.
  • Is Part Of: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, March 2012, Vol.65(2), pp.75-82
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1056-8719 ; E-ISSN: 1873-488X ; DOI: 10.1016/j.vascn.2012.02.001
  • Subjects: Bioimpedance Spectroscopy ; Body Fluid Compartment Volume ; Extracellular Fluid Volume ; Methods ; Non-Invasive ; Radioisotope ; Rats ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology ; Chemistry
  • Language: English

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