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Plato on educating citizens

Barrie, Craig Edward

2017

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  • Title:
    Plato on educating citizens
  • Author: Barrie, Craig Edward
  • Description: This thesis explores Plato’s critique of Athenian civics education as contained in his Socratic dialogues. Through a close reading of three dialogues – Euthyphro, Ion and Protagoras – I show how Socrates’ interlocutors represent specific forms and stages of paideia, and how each dialogue as a whole illustrates Plato’s cure for this pedagogical form. In Part A I establish the interlocutor-based approach to Plato’s Socratic dialogues, contrasting this with three “Socrates-based” approaches: those of Terence Irwin, Martha Nussbaum and Richard Kraut. These commentators begin with the question of how Socrates’ actions imply his (and Plato’s) positive beliefs and debate questions of continuity with the historical Socrates and Plato’s “later” dialogues. These debates rely on attributing sincerity, irony or protreptic intent using the limited evidence base of Socrates’ elenchtic questioning (which draws out his interlocutors’ beliefs and not necessarily his own). By contrast, I begin with the ample evidence Plato provides us about his interlocutors through setting, characterisation and the lens of the Socratic elenchus, which portray an aetiology of civic types. This broader evidence base then supports inferences about Plato’s intent and Socrates’ beliefs. In Part B I apply this approach to three dialogues. The Euthyphro’s eponymous character represents limitations in cultic...
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Publisher: Figshare
  • Identifier: DOI: 10.4225/03/58a3da59d6fcb
  • Subjects: Uncategorized
  • Source: DataCite

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