skip to main content
Language:
Search Limited to: Search Limited to: Resource type Show Results with: Show Results with: Index

Establishing clones of Veratrum californicum , a native medicinal species, for micropropagation

Song, Ju ; Naylor-Adelberg, Jacqueline ; White, Sarah ; Mann, David ; Adelberg, Jeffrey

In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant, 2014, Vol.50(3), pp.337-344 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

Full text available

View all versions
Citations Cited by
  • Title:
    Establishing clones of Veratrum californicum , a native medicinal species, for micropropagation
  • Author: Song, Ju ; Naylor-Adelberg, Jacqueline ; White, Sarah ; Mann, David ; Adelberg, Jeffrey
  • Description: Factors affecting the micropropagation of Veratrum californicum , a slow-growing species that is a potentially valuable source of cyclopamine, were investigated. Sterile cultures were initiated on modified Murashige and Skoog medium, and clones from individual donor plants were assigned to experimental conditions when approximately 100 shoots of each clone were available. The effects of temperature, light quality, and plant growth regulators on multiplication and survival were assessed. Four clones from which large greenhouse populations were obtained were selected for in-depth analysis. When shoots were cultured at 10°C and 16°C, multiplication ratios consistently >1 were observed from three of four clones and two of four clones, respectively, during the five-subculture cycles. None of the clones stably increased when cultured at 24°C, and plants from this treatment did not survive acclimatization in the greenhouse. Only one clone showed increased multiplication ratios in response to plant growth regulator treatments, with maximum multiplication when shoots were cultured with 9 μM benzyladenine and 0.5 μM naphthaleneacetic acid. Light quality in the laboratory did not affect multiplication ratio but did affect subsequent greenhouse survival. The size of plants derived from culture was most often equivalent (65% of 1,271) to 3-yr-old seed-derived plants. Although the growth of clones during acclimatization differed, plants derived from cultures incubated at 16°C had the best rates of overall greenhouse survival. Temperature and light treatments in vitro critical to long-term plant survival were demonstrated and will assist the establishment of a mass propagation system for V. californicum .
  • Is Part Of: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant, 2014, Vol.50(3), pp.337-344
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1054-5476 ; E-ISSN: 1475-2689 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11627-014-9603-7
  • Subjects: In vitro propagation ; LED ; Melanthiaceae ; Slow-growing plant ; Pharmaceutical plant
  • Language: English

Searching Remote Databases, Please Wait