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The Origins and Ascendancy of Iraq's Shiite Militias

Alaaldin, Ranj

Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, Nov 2017, Vol.22, pp.143-158,160 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The Origins and Ascendancy of Iraq's Shiite Militias
  • Author: Alaaldin, Ranj
  • Description: According to eyewitness accounts, Baathist tanks were painted with messages like "No Shiites after today," people were hanged from electric poles, and tanks ran over women and children and towed bodies through the streets.7 From this horror and brutality emerged Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr (Baqir al-Sadr's cousin and student), the founder of the Sadrist movement that today, under the leadership of his son Muqtada, constitutes Iraq's most powerful political movement. According to a senior advisor to Muqtada al-Sadr, Qais al-Khazali and AAH emerged from the special operations unit within the Mahdi Army. Almost every militia group in Iraq will assert their legitimacy and popular base, describe themselves as socio-cultural or socio-political movements and will challenge any suggestion that they are militias. [...]Iraqi officials have expressed concern these militias will eventually18 transform themselves into socio-cultural actors and integrated components of the political system that will continue to weaken the Iraqi state from within. [...]our goal is to ensure it is the state that has a monopoly over violence but we all know within the Shiite establishment that it is ultimately only the religious establishment and the hawza that can disband or delegitimize the factions within the PMF.
  • Is Part Of: Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, Nov 2017, Vol.22, pp.143-158,160
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1940834X
  • Subjects: Middle East ; United States–Us ; Iraq ; Iran ; Baghdad Iraq ; Syria ; Ideology ; Political Activism ; Power ; Muslims ; Proxies ; Communism ; Religion ; Advisors ; Militancy ; Militia Groups ; Populism ; Guardian ; Society of Muslim Brothers
  • Language: English
  • Source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved
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