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Monitoring the Magmas Fuelling Volcanic Eruptions in Near-real-time Using X-ray Micro-computed Tomography

Pankhurst, M. J ; Dobson, K. J ; Morgan, D. J ; Loughlin, S. C ; Thordarson, Th ; Lee, P. D ; Courtois, L

Journal of Petrology, 2014, Vol. 55(3), pp.671-684 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Monitoring the Magmas Fuelling Volcanic Eruptions in Near-real-time Using X-ray Micro-computed Tomography
  • Author: Pankhurst, M. J ; Dobson, K. J ; Morgan, D. J ; Loughlin, S. C ; Thordarson, Th ; Lee, P. D ; Courtois, L
  • Description: A novel application of X-ray micro-computed tomography is described, which can be used to rapidly characterize chemical populations of natural olivine crystals in erupted basalts. This technique can be deployed during volcanic crises to directly track changes in magma components of an erupting system in near-real-time. Such changes are fundamental in controlling eruption style, duration and intensity. We demonstrate a method that can generate data from hundreds of crystals within hours, which allows time-series petrological data to be recorded and interpreted alongside various complementary monitoring techniques (e.g. seismicity, ground deformation). Our direct-detection will allow greater understanding of the dynamics of sub-volcanic magma plumbing systems, and can provide important insights into how an eruption may evolve. The same technique can also be used to generate rich baseline datasets from eruption sequences in the geological record in a more efficient manner than conventional methods allow.
  • Is Part Of: Journal of Petrology, 2014, Vol. 55(3), pp.671-684
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0022-3530 ; E-ISSN: 1460-2415 ; DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egt079
  • Subjects: X - Ray Micro - Computed Tomography ; Olivine Composition ; Volcanic Eruption Monitoring
  • Source: Oxford University Press

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