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Assessing the Dietary Bioavailability of Metals Associated with Natural Particles: Extending the Use of the Reverse Labeling Approach to Zinc

Croteau, Marie-Noële ; Cain, Daniel J ; Fuller, Christopher C

Environmental science & technology, 07 March 2017, Vol.51(5), pp.2803-2810 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Assessing the Dietary Bioavailability of Metals Associated with Natural Particles: Extending the Use of the Reverse Labeling Approach to Zinc
  • Author: Croteau, Marie-Noële ; Cain, Daniel J ; Fuller, Christopher C
  • Description: We extend the use of a novel tracing technique to quantify the bioavailability of zinc (Zn) associated with natural particles using snails enriched with a less common Zn stable isotope. Lymnaea stagnalis is a model species that has relatively fast Zn uptake rates from the dissolved phase, enabling their rapid enrichment in Zn during the initial phase of labeling. Isotopically enriched snails were subsequently exposed to algae mixed with increasing amounts of metal-rich particles collected from two acid mine drainage impacted rivers. Zinc bioavailability from the natural particles was inferred from calculations of Zn assimilation into the snail's soft tissues. Zinc assimilation efficiency (AE) varied from 28% for the Animas River particles to 45% for the Snake River particles, indicating that particle-bound, or sorbed Zn, was bioavailable from acid mine drainage wastes. The relative binding strength of Zn sorption to the natural particles was inversely related to Zn bioavailability; a finding that would not have been possible without using the reverse labeling approach. Differences in the chemical composition of the particles suggest that their geochemical properties may influence the extent of Zn bioavailability.
  • Is Part Of: Environmental science & technology, 07 March 2017, Vol.51(5), pp.2803-2810
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1520-5851 ; PMID: 28187251 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b06253
  • Subjects: Biological Availability ; Zinc
  • Language: English

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