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Survival of salmonella on dried fruits and in aqueous dried fruit homogenates as affected by temperature

Beuchat, Larry R ; Mann, David A

Journal of food protection, July 2014, Vol.77(7), pp.1102-9 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Survival of salmonella on dried fruits and in aqueous dried fruit homogenates as affected by temperature
  • Author: Beuchat, Larry R ; Mann, David A
  • Description: A study was done to determine the ability of Salmonella to survive on dried cranberries, raisins, and strawberries and in date paste, as affected by storage temperature. Acid-adapted Salmonella, initially at 6.57 to 7.01 log CFU/g, was recovered from mist-inoculated cranberries (water activity [aw] 0.47) and raisins (aw 0.46) stored at 25°C for 21 days but not 42 days, strawberries (aw 0.21) for 42 days but not 84 days, and date paste (aw 0.69) for 84 days but not 126 days. In contrast, the pathogen was detected in strawberries stored at 4°C for 182 days (6 months) but not 242 days (8 months) and in cranberries, date paste, and raisins stored for 242 days. Surface-grown cells survived longer than broth-grown cells in date paste. The order of rate of inactivation at 4°C was cranberry > strawberry > raisin > date paste. Initially at 2.18 to 3.35 log CFU/g, inactivation of Salmonella on dry (sand)&ndash inoculated fruits followed trends similar to those for mist-inoculated fruits. Survival of Salmonella in aqueous homogenates of dried fruits as affected by fruit concentration and temperature was also studied. Growth was not observed in 10% (aw 0.995 to 0.999) and 50% (aw 0.955 to 0.962) homogenates of the four fruits held at 4°C, 50% homogenates at 25°C, and 10% cranberry and strawberry homogenates at 25°C. Growth of the pathogen in 10% date paste and raisin homogenates stored at 25°C was followed by rapid inactivation. Results of these studies suggest the need to subject dried fruits that may be contaminated with Salmonella to a lethal process and prevent postprocess contamination before they are eaten out-of-hand or used as ingredients in ready-to-eat foods. Observations showing that Salmonella can grow in aqueous homogenates of date paste and raisins emphasize the importance of minimizing contact of these fruits with high-moisture environments during handling and storage.
  • Is Part Of: Journal of food protection, July 2014, Vol.77(7), pp.1102-9
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1944-9097 ; PMID: 24988015 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-13-549
  • Subjects: Food Preservation -- Methods ; Fruit -- Microbiology ; Rosaceae -- Microbiology ; Salmonella -- Growth & Development ; Vitis -- Microbiology
  • Language: English
  • Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)

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