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Age exacerbates chronic catecholamine-induced impairments in contractile reserve in the rat

Liles, John T ; Ida, Kevin K ; Joly, Kristin M ; Chapo, Joseph ; Plato, Craig F

American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, August 2011, Vol.301(2), pp.R491-9 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Age exacerbates chronic catecholamine-induced impairments in contractile reserve in the rat
  • Author: Liles, John T ; Ida, Kevin K ; Joly, Kristin M ; Chapo, Joseph ; Plato, Craig F
  • Description: Contractile reserve decreases with advancing age and chronic isoproterenol (ISO) administration is a well-characterized model of cardiac hypertrophy known to impair cardiovascular function. This study evaluated whether nonsenescent, mature adult rats are more susceptible to detrimental effects of chronic ISO administration than younger adult rats. Rats received daily injections of ISO (0.1 mg/kg sc) or vehicle for 3 wk. ISO induced a greater impairment in contractile reserve [maximum of left ventricular pressure development (Δ+dP/dt(max))] in mature adult ISO-treated (MA-ISO) than in young adult ISO-treated rats (YA-ISO) in response to infusions of mechanistically distinct inotropes (digoxin, milrinone; 20-200 μl·kg(-1)·min(-1)), while basal and agonist-induced changes in heart rate and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) were not different across groups. ISO decreased expression of the calcium handling protein, sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase-2a, in MA-ISO compared with YA, YA-ISO,...
  • Is Part Of: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, August 2011, Vol.301(2), pp.R491-9
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1522-1490 ; PMID: 21593430 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00756.2010
  • Subjects: Aging -- Physiology ; Cardiotonic Agents -- Pharmacology ; Catecholamines -- Pharmacology ; Isoproterenol -- Pharmacology ; Myocardial Contraction -- Drug Effects
  • Language: English
  • Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)

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