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Effects of vaginally administered high estradiol doses on hormonal pharmacokinetics and hemostasis in postmenopausal women

Hall, Gerd ; Blombäck, Margareta ; Landgren, Britt Marie ; Bremme, Katarina

Fertility and sterility, December 2002, Vol.78(6), pp.1172-7 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Effects of vaginally administered high estradiol doses on hormonal pharmacokinetics and hemostasis in postmenopausal women
  • Author: Hall, Gerd ; Blombäck, Margareta ; Landgren, Britt Marie ; Bremme, Katarina
  • Description: To study the effect of high doses of estradiol released from vaginal rings on the pharmacokinetics of hormones, and the long-term effect on hormones and hemostasis in postmenopausal women. A pilot, nonrandomized study. Healthy volunteers in an academic research environment. Postmenopausal women. Eight women were treated with 17 beta-estradiol from three vaginal rings, releasing 7.5 micro g per ring for a total of 22.5 micro g over 24 hours. The rings were changed every morning for 14 days. Hemostatic changes were recorded. Estradiol was rapidly absorbed, and statistically significant increases in the levels were found after 15 minutes; C(max) was obtained after 1 hour and a steady state after 24 hours. No statistically significant changes were found in the levels of coagulation factors V, von Willebrand factor, and activated factor VII; nor were any changes observed for activated protein C resistance, coagulation inhibitors protein C, protein S, or plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. No indication of increased thrombin formation was demonstrated by analyses of prothrombin fragment 1+2, fibrin D-dimer, and soluble fibrin. CONCLUSION(S)No statistically significant changes in hemostasis were observed from the vaginal administration of estradiol using a dose equivalent to transdermal administration with a release rate of 100 micro g per 24 hours.
  • Is Part Of: Fertility and sterility, December 2002, Vol.78(6), pp.1172-7
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0015-0282 ; PMID: 12477507 Version:1
  • Subjects: Estradiol -- Administration & Dosage ; Estrone -- Analogs & Derivatives ; Hemostasis -- Drug Effects ; Postmenopause -- Physiology
  • Language: English
  • Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)

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