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Voice of the leopard African secret societies and Cuba

Ivor. Miller


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  • Title:
    Voice of the leopard African secret societies and Cuba
  • Author: Ivor. Miller
  • Description: Arrival -- The fortified city -- Planting Abakuá in Cuba, 1830s to 1860s -- From Creole to Carabalí -- Dispersal : Abakuá exiled to Florida and Spanish Africa -- Disintegration of the Spanish empire -- Havana is the key : Abakuá in Cuban music -- Conclusions -- Epilogue : Cubans in Calabar : Ékpè has one voice.
    In Voice of the Leopard: African Secret Societies and Cuba, Ivor L. Miller shows how African migrants and their political fraternities played a formative role in the history of Cuba. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, no large kingdoms controlled Nigeria and Cameroon's multilingual Cross River basin. Instead, each settlement had its own lodge of the initiation society called Ékpè, or ""leopard,"" which was the highest indigenous authority. Ékpè lodges ruled local communities while also managing regional and long-distance trade. Cross River Africans, enslaved and forcibly brought t
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Publisher: Jackson : University Press of Mississippi
  • Format: 1 online resource (401 p.).
  • Identifier: ISBN 1-283-43473-3;ISBN 9786613434739;ISBN 1-60473-814-6
  • Subjects: Sociedad Abakuá (Cuba); Secret societies -- Cuba; Blacks -- Cuba -- Social life and customs; Electronic books
  • Language: English
  • Source: 01DAL UDM ALMA

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