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Maternal risk and protective factors as predictors of case outcome for young children in foster care

Lisa Schuster (Lisa Marie)


Available at UDM McNichols Campus Library  UDM McNichols Library Thesis  (HV 6626.5 .S38 2012 )()

  • Title:
    Maternal risk and protective factors as predictors of case outcome for young children in foster care
  • Author: Lisa Schuster (Lisa Marie)
  • Description: Child maltreatment is a widely recognized problem in American society. To effectively address the problem of child maltreatment, it is necessary to acknowledge the factors associated with child abuse and neglect. This project focuses on maternal risk and protective factors that contribute to child maltreatment and, more specifically, factors that impact case outcome once maltreatment has occurred. These factors include maternal substance abuse history, psychiatric history, conviction history (excluding child maltreatment charges), education, child abuse history, depressive symptomatology, degree of partner violence, and treatment compliance with intervention.
    Previous research has shown that the presence of multiple risk factors significantly increases the likelihood that mothers will permanently lose custody of their children and a combination of risk factors appears to be more strongly associated with case outcome than any one single risk factor (Larrieu, Heller, Smyke, & Zeanah, 2008).
    This project used a sample of 159 closed cases involving mothers of young children (birth to 60 months) in foster care who were referred to an early intervention program. Within this group, 79 mothers participated in the program's evaluation and 80 mothers did not participate. Comparisons were drawn between the two groups and more detailed analyses were conducted with the mothers in the evaluation group.
    White almost all of the individual maternal risk factors examined had a significant relationship to case outcome, findings showed that individual risk factors were less accurate predictors of case outcome when compared with the total number or risk factors. Consistent with the findings of Larriet et al (2000), as the cumulative number of risk factors increased, rates of reunification decreased. Mothers who permanently lost custody of their children had a significantly higher number of risk factors than those who were reunified. Findings also confirmed a relationship between maternal protective factors and case outcome and reunification was significantly predicted by the presence of these factors. Findings from this study provide substantial evidence to support a relationship between both maternal risk and protective factors and case outcome. In addition to strengthening the evidence for a cumulative risk model, findings supported the conclusion made by Larrieu, et al. (2008) that there is no specific risk profile for mothers of children in foster care.
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Publisher: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Detroit Mercy, 2012.
  • Format: vi, 111 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
  • Subjects: Child abuse -- Prevention; Abusive mothers -- Counseling of; Mothers
  • Language: English
  • Source: 01DAL UDM ALMA

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