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Peritraumatic distress: A review and synthesis of 15 years of research

Vance, Mary C. ; Kovachy, Benjamin ; Dong, Melissa ; Bui, Eric

Journal of Clinical Psychology, September 2018, Vol.74(9), pp.1457-1484 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Peritraumatic distress: A review and synthesis of 15 years of research
  • Author: Vance, Mary C. ; Kovachy, Benjamin ; Dong, Melissa ; Bui, Eric
  • Description: Context Although the subjective trauma exposure criterion was removed from the DSM-5 criteria set for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), emerging literature suggests that peritraumatic distress may be useful in predicting outcomes after exposure to a stressful event. Method We conducted a comprehensive review of the literature examining the association between peritraumatic distress and PTSD and other psychiatric outcomes. The 57 studies herein varied in both experimental design and target populations. Results Forty-eight studies found associations between peritraumatic distress and PTSD outcome measures, 23 found associations between peritraumatic distress and other psychiatric outcomes, and three found associations between peritraumatic distress and PTSDrelated symptoms or other psychiatric outcomes after non-Criterion A stressful events by DSM-5 criteria. Conclusion Peritraumatic distress is associated with PTSD symptom severity, other psychiatric symptoms, and severity of PTSD-related symptoms after exposure to non-Criterion A events, suggesting that peritraumatic distress is a risk factor for various psychiatric outcomes and furthering our understanding of the impact of subjective experience on trauma psychopathology. KEYWORDS peritraumatic distress, PTSD, review, trauma DOI: 10.1002/jclp.22612
  • Is Part Of: Journal of Clinical Psychology, September 2018, Vol.74(9), pp.1457-1484
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0021-9762 ; E-ISSN: 1097-4679 ; DOI: 10.1002/jclp.22612
  • Subjects: Peritraumatic Distress ; Ptsd ; Review ; Trauma

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