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A new fluorimetric method for the detection and quantification of siderophores using Calcein Blue, with potential as a bacterial detection tool

Sankaranarayanan, Ranjini ; Alagumaruthanayagam, Alagiachidambaram ; Sankaran, Krishnan

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2015, Vol.99(5), pp.2339-2349 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    A new fluorimetric method for the detection and quantification of siderophores using Calcein Blue, with potential as a bacterial detection tool
  • Author: Sankaranarayanan, Ranjini ; Alagumaruthanayagam, Alagiachidambaram ; Sankaran, Krishnan
  • Description: The presence of microorganisms in biological fluids like urine and blood is an indication of vulnerability to infections. Iron is one of the important micronutrients required for bacterial growth. In an iron-deficit environment, bacteria release high-affinity iron-chelating compounds called siderophores which can be used as non-invasive target molecules for the detection of such pathogens. However, only limited reagents and procedures are available to detect the presence of these organic molecules. The present study aims at detecting the presence of siderophores in the iron-depleted media, exploiting the reversible quenching of Calcein Blue and iron(III) complex. The fluorescence of Calcein Blue is known to be quenched in the presence of iron(III); if a stronger chelator removes this ion from the fluorophore, the fluorescence of the fluorophore is regained. This behaviour of the fluorophore was exploited to detect and quantify siderophores down to 50 and 800 nM equivalent of standard siderophore, deferroxamine mesylate (desferal) in Dulbecco’s PBS and siderophore quantification (SPQ) medium, respectively. The siderophores released by pathogens, equivalent to standard desferal, were in the range of 1.29 to 5.00 μM and those for non-pathogens were below 1.19 μM. The simple, sensitive and cost-effective method performed in a 96-well plate was able to detect and quantify iron chelators within 7–8 h of incubation.
  • Is Part Of: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2015, Vol.99(5), pp.2339-2349
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0175-7598 ; E-ISSN: 1432-0614 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00253-015-6411-x
  • Subjects: Bacteria ; Calcein Blue ; Fluorescence assay ; Non-invasive ; Siderophores
  • Language: English

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