skip to main content
Language:
Search Limited to: Search Limited to: Resource type Show Results with: Show Results with: Index

Cassette dosing for pharmacokinetic screening in drug discovery: comparison of clearance, volume of distribution, half-life, mean residence time, and oral bioavailability obtained by cassette and discrete dosing in rats

Nagilla, Rakesh ; Nord, Melanie ; Mcatee, Jeff J ; Jolivette, Larry J

Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, September 2011, Vol.100(9), pp.3862-74 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

Full text available

View all versions
Citations Cited by
  • Title:
    Cassette dosing for pharmacokinetic screening in drug discovery: comparison of clearance, volume of distribution, half-life, mean residence time, and oral bioavailability obtained by cassette and discrete dosing in rats
  • Author: Nagilla, Rakesh ; Nord, Melanie ; Mcatee, Jeff J ; Jolivette, Larry J
  • Description: The purpose of this investigation was to compare selected pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters obtained by cassette and discrete dosing of compounds in rats. The concordance of PK properties obtained by the two dosing strategies was evaluated for 116 compounds representing various therapeutic programs and diverse chemical structures. The correspondence between cassette- and discrete-dosing-derived PK properties was examined semiquantitatively and qualitatively. For semiquantitative comparison, compounds with cassette-to-discrete PK parameter ratios between 0.5 and 2 (inclusive) were considered to be in agreement. For qualitative comparison, compounds were divided into three categories (low, moderate, and high) based on the value of the PK parameter; compounds that fell into the same category following cassette and discrete dosing were considered to be in agreement. Of the 116 compounds evaluated, 89%, 91%, 80%, and 91% of the compounds were semiquantitatively equivalent for the intravenous PK parameters of clearance (CL), volume of distribution (Vdss), terminal elimination plasma half-life (HL), and mean residence time (MRT), respectively, whereas 79%, 80%, 79%, and 72% were qualitatively similar for CL, Vdss, MRT, and terminal elimination plasma HL, respectively. Following oral administration, bioavailability concordance was 72% when assessed qualitatively and 78% when determined semiquantitatively. Results from these analyses indicate that a cassette dosing strategy is a viable approach to screen compounds for PK properties within a drug discovery setting.
  • Is Part Of: Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, September 2011, Vol.100(9), pp.3862-74
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1520-6017 ; PMID: 21360708 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1002/jps.22525
  • Subjects: Biological Availability ; Pharmacokinetics
  • Language: English

Searching Remote Databases, Please Wait